In most cases, a Merv 11 air filter is not too tall for residential use. Generally speaking, anything under a merv 13 air filter should provide very efficient air purification in a house without affecting airflow. The short answer is that it can, but it's not really a problem except in extreme circumstances. Most modern HVAC systems have no problem working with higher merv filters, so millions of homeowners rely on them.
The main risk of high-efficiency air filters comes from the fact that they are not modified for long periods of time. If you're aware of changing filters, you're unlikely to experience filter-related issues with your HVAC system. Although the American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) suggests MERV 13, it may not be the most efficient option for some residential HVAC systems. In fact, MERV 11 may even be too restrictive.
It is best to adhere to the oven manufacturer's recommendations or consult an HVAC professional to determine exactly which merv rating is best for your specific system. Typically, a filter with a higher MERV rating will reduce airflow. However, there are many other factors at play, such as the size of the filter and the type of fan motor in your HVAC system. Opinions vary widely on the subject, but all professionals agree that a good HVAC air filter is necessary for your home because they have seen all the problems that an incorrect type of air filter can create in a home's HVAC system.
Burned motors and controls can result from filters that are too restrictive. Coils, motors and blowers can also be easily clogged by weak filters, creating increased fan usage, resulting in higher energy costs. Using an oven filter with a higher MERV rating than your use case requires may have adverse effects. The thickness of the filter material in a MERV 11 filter, for example, is greater than that of a MERV 8 filter.
Therefore, in order for enough air to pass through the filter, a greater amount of energy is consumed. More use can lead to increased wear and tear, so be sure to maintain your oven regularly. However, MERV 11 filters are not considered too high for residential use. Anything higher than a MERV 11 is designed for commercial households or households with family members suffering from respiratory problems.
If your furnace's MERV rating is too high, it can force it to work too hard and leave it vulnerable to damage. In addition, you may not get the air velocity needed to reach all parts of your house, leaving inconsistencies in temperature.
Merv 13 filtershelp protect against the spread of bacteria, sneezing particles, smoke and virus-carrying germs. AGAIN, THIS IS NOT INTENDED TO BE A PERSONAL RECOMMENDATION OF ANY KIND; IT IS SIMPLY INFORMATION THAT I HAVE FOUND WHILE RESEARCHING THE DIFFERENT FILTERS THAT WOULD BE USED ON A COVID-19 MASK.
The general idea is that the higher the efficiency of the filter, the greater the pressure drop, but that is not always true. In addition, high-performance air filters that contain pleats create much more surface area for air to blow, which can improve airflow and reduce strain on the system. The pressure drop lies in achieving the highest possible pleat per foot, and modern designs have far fewer airflow problems at higher MERV levels. Use a MERV 8 to 13 filter, depending on your family's needs and environment, and start using an indoor air quality monitor to help you determine if a separate air purification system is needed.
Filters and masks can be disinfected, so I read somewhere, in a low-temperature oven, following very specific guidelines. A MERV 11 filter only needs to stop 20% of particles 0.3 to 1.0 microns (three to ten times larger than a COVID-19 particle), a MERV 12 only needs to stop 35% of particles smaller than 0.3 microns, and a MERV 13 only needs to stop half. I have three MERV-13 filters in my house and the pressure drop in all of them is less than 0.06 i. Unfortunately, one of the best-selling filter products, Filtrete from 3M, does NOT use MERV, preferring its “Microparticle Performance Rating” (MPR).
And residential HVAC system design is the wrong place to treat ultrafine particles or filtration to cleanroom standards. If your home's HVAC system isn't capable of handling MERV 13, opt for a filter with the next highest possible rating. Some HVAC technicians prefer these low-efficiency filters because of their low resistance to airflow. .